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60. Vaishnav, P., Horner, N., Azevedo, I.L., (2017) Was it worthwhile? Where have the benefits of rooftop solar photovoltaic generation exceed the cost? Environmental Research Letters.

59. Lamy, J., Bruine de Bruin, W., Morgan, G., Azevedo, I.L., (2017), A mental models approach to attitudes towards wind energy projects in coastal Massachusetts communities, the Electricity Journal.

58. Glasgo, B., Hendrickson, C. Azevedo, I.L., (2017). Assessing the value of information in residential building simulation: Comparing simulated and actual building loads at the circuit level, Applied Energy.

57. Lam, L., Branstetter, L., Azevedo. I.L., (2017). Not all patents are created equal: wind innovation in China, Energy Policy, , 106, 588–599. [PDF]

56. Sakti, A., Azevedo, I.L., Fuchs, E.R.H., Michalek, J.J., Gallagher, K., Whitacre, J.F., (2017). Consistency and robustness of forecasting and the need for technological detail: The case of Li-ion batteries for electric vehicles, Energy Policy, 106, 415–426.. [PDF]

55. Glasgo, B. , Hendrickson, C., Azevedo, I.L., (2017). Using advanced metering infrastructure to characterize residential energy use, accepted in The Electricity Journal, 30 (3), 64–70. [PDF]

54. Welle, P. Azevedo, I.L., Doney, S., Small, M., (2017). Estimating the effect of multiple environmental stressors on coral bleaching and mortality, accepted, PlosOne, 2(5): e0175018. [PDF]

53. Gingerich, D., Sun, X., Behrer, P., Azevedo, I.L., Mauter, M., (2017). Air emissions implications of expanded wastewater treatment at coal-fired generators. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, published ahead of print February 6, 2017, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1524396114. [PDF]

52. Markolf, S. , Matthews, H.S., Azevedo, I.L., Hendrickson, C.T., (2017). An integrated approach for estimating greenhouse gas emissions from 100 US metropolitan areas, accepted in Environmental Research Letters. [PDF]

51.Lam, L., Branstetter, L., Azevedo, I.L., (2017). Against the Wind: China’s struggle to integrated wind energy into its national grid. Peterson Institute for International Economics Policy Briefs. [PDF]

50. Peña, I. , Azevedo, I.L., Ferreira, L.M., Was it worth it? (2017). A review of Portuguese wind policies and technology diffusion. Energy Policy, 103, 193–202. [PDF]


49. Horner, N., Shehabi, A., Azevedo, I.L. (2016). Known unknowns: indirect energy effects of information and communication technology. Environmental Research Letters, 11,10. [PDF]

48. Lam, L., Branstetter, L., Azevedo, I.L., (2016). China’s wind electricity and cost of carbon mitigation are more expensive than anticipated. Environmental Research Letters, 11, 8. [PDF]

47. Glasgo, B., Azevedo, I.L., Hendrickson, C., (2016). How much electricity can we save by using direct current circuits in homes? Understanding the potential for electricity savings and assessing feasibility of a transition towards DC powered buildings. Applied Energy, 180, 66–75. [PDF]

46. Lamy, J., Jaramillo, P., Azevedo, I.L., Wiser, R., (2016). Should we build wind farms close to load or invest in transmission to access better wind resources in remote areas? A case study in the MISO region, Energy Policy, 96, 341.350. [PDF]

45. Horner, N., Azevedo, I.L., (2016). Power usage effectiveness in data centers: overloaded and underachieving, The Electricity Journal, 29, 61-69. [PDF]

44. Yuksel, T., Tamayao, M-A, Hendrickson, C.; Azevedo, I.L., Michalek, J., (2016) Effect of regional grid mix, driving patterns and climate on the comparative carbon footprint of gasoline and plug-in electric vehicles in the United States, accepted in Environmental Research Letters, 11, 044007. [PDF]

43. Jenn, A., Azevedo, I.L., Michalek, J., (2016). Alternative Fuel Vehicle Adoption Increases Fleet Gasoline Consumption and Greenhouse Gas Emissions under United States Corporate Average Fuel Economy Policy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards, Environmental science & technology 50.5: 2165-2174. [PDF]

42. Haaf, C.G., Morrow, W.R., Azevedo, I.L., Feit, E., Michalek, J.J., (2016). Forecasting light-duty vehicle demand using alternative-specific constants for endogeneity correction versus calibration, Transportation Research Part B, 84, 182–210. [PDF]

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41. Faria, F., Klima, K., D.L., Posen, I.D., Azevedo, I.L., (2015). A new approach of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics outreach in climate change, energy and environmental decision making, Sustainability: The Journal of Record, 8(5): 261-271. [PDF]

40. Tong, R., Jaramillo, P., Azevedo, I.L., (2015). Comparison of Life Cycle Greenhouse Gases from Natural Gas Pathways for Light-Duty Vehicles. Energy & Fuels. [PDF]

39. Rubin, E., Azevedo, I.L., Yeh, S., Jaramillo, P., (2015). How to improve modelling approaches to represent the future costs of energy technologies? Reviewing the findings from learning curves from energy technologies. Energy Policy, 86, pp. 198-218. [PDF]

38. Tong, F., Azevedo, I.L., Jaramillo, P., (2015). A Comparison of life cycle greenhouse gases from natural gas pathways for medium and heavy-duty vehicles. Environmental Science & Technology, 49, pp. 7123-7133. [PDF]

37. Tamayao, M., Michalek, J., Hendrickson, C., Azevedo I.L., (2015). Regional variability and uncertainty of electric vehicle life cycle CO2 emissions across the United States. Environmental Science and Technology, 49 (14), pp. 8844–8855. [PDF]

36. Jenn, A., Azevedo, I.L., Fischbeck, P. (2015). How do we fund our roads? A case of decreasing revenue from electric vehicles. Journal of Transportation Research, 74, pp. 136-147. [PDF]

35. Hittinger, E., Azevedo, I.L. (2015). Bulk Energy Storage Increases US Electricity System Emissions. Environmental Science & Technology, 49 (5), pp. 3203-3210. [PDF]

34. Posen, I.D., Griffin, W.M., Matthews, H.S., Azevedo, I.L. (2015). Changing the Renewable Fuel Standard to a Renewable Material Standard: Bio-Ethylene Case Study. Environmental Science & Technology, 49 (1), pp. 93-102. [PDF]

33. Prasad, S., Abdulla, A., Morgan, M.G.M., Azevedo, I.L. (2015). Nonproliferation Improvements and Challenges Presented by Small Modular Reactors. Progress in Nuclear Energy, 80, pp. 102-109. [PDF]

32. Min, J., Azevedo, I.L., Hakkarainen, P. (2015). Assessing regional differences in lighting heat replacement effects in residential buildings across the United States. Applied Energy, 141, pp. 12-18. [PDF]

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31. Gilbraith, N., Azevedo, I.L. (2014). Regional energy and GHG savings from building codes across the United States. Environmental Science & Technology, 48 (24), pp. 14121-14130. [PDF]

30. Azevedo, I.L. (2014). Consumer End-Use Energy Efficiency and Rebound Effects, Annual Reviews of Environment and Resources, 39, pp. 393-418. [PDF]

29. National Research Council (2014) report on “Assessment of Technologies for Reducing the Fuel Consumption of Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles” (author and committee member). [Link]

28. Thomas, B., Azevedo, I.L. (2014). Should policy-makers allocate funding to vehicle electrification or end- use energy efficiency as a strategy for climate change mitigation and energy reductions? Rethinking electric utilities efficiency programs. Energy Policy, 67, pp. 28-26. [PDF]

27. Peña-Cabra, I., Azevedo, I.L., (2014) Economic analysis on the profitability of wind in Portugal between 1992 and 2010. Energy Economics, 45, pp. 353-363. [PDF]

26. Peña-Cabra, I., González, E., Azevedo, I.L., Ferreira, F., (2014). Difusión de energÍa eólica: comparación de políticas de incentivos en Estados unidos y Europa. Revista Nano Ciencia Y Tecnologia. [PDF]

25. Thomas, B.A., Hausfather, Z., Azevedo, I.L., (2014). Comparing the magnitude of residential rebound effects from electric end-use efficiency across the United States. Environmental Research Letters, 9 (7). [PDF]

24. Lamy, J., Azevedo, I.L., Jaramillo, P. (2014). The role of energy storage in accessing remote wind resources in the Midwest. Energy Policy, 68, pp. 123-131. [PDF]

23. Min, J., Azevedo, I.L., Michalek, J., Bruine de Bruin, W. (2014). Labeling energy cost on light bulbs lowers implicit discount rates. Ecological Economics, 97, pp. 42-50. [PDF]

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22. Horner, N.C., Azevedo, I.L., Hounshell, D.A. (2013). Effects of government incentives on wind innovation in the United States. Environmental Research Letters, 8 044032. [PDF]

21. Jenn, A., Azevedo, I.L., Ferreira, P. (2013). Impact of federal incentives on the adoption of hybrid electric vehicles in the United States. Energy Economics, 40, pp. 936-942, ISSN 0140-9883. [PDF]

20. Azevedo, I.L., Sonnberger, M., Thomas, B., Morgan, G., Renn, O. (2013). Developing robust energy efficiency policies while accounting for consumer behavior. International Risk Governance Council (IRGC) report. [PDF]

19. Siler-Evans, K., Azevedo, I.L., Morgan, M.G, Apt, J. (2013). Regional variations in the health, environmental, and climate benefits from wind and solar generation. PNAS, 110 (29), pp. 11768-11773. [PDF]

18. National Research Council (Committee Member), (2013). Assessment of solid-state lighting (Committee Member). Contributor to 3 out of 6 chapters in this report.

17. Abdulla, A., Azevedo, I.L., Morgan, M.G. (2013). Expert assessments of the cost of light water small modular reactors. PNAS, 110 (24), pp. 9686-9691. [PDF]

16. Azevedo, I.L., Morgan, M.G., Palmer, K., and Lave, L. (2013), Reducing U.S. residential energy use and CO2 emissions: how much, how soon, and at what cost? ES&T, 47, pp. 2502-2511. [PDF]

15. Thomas, B.A. Azevedo, I.L., (2013). Estimating direct and indirect rebound effects for U.S. households with input-output analysis. Part 1: Theoretical Framework. Ecological Economics, 86, pp. 199-210. [PDF]

14. Thomas, B.A. Azevedo, I.L., (2013). Estimating direct and indirect rebound effects for U.S. households with input-output analysis. Part 2: Simulation. Ecological Economics, 86, pp. 188-198. [PDF]

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13. Global Energy Assessment, (2012). Contributing author to “Chapter 16: Trends and transitions in energy systems.” International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA).

12. Baptista, P.C., Azevedo, I.L., Farias, T.L, (2012). ICT solutions in transportation systems: estimating the benefits and environmental impacts in Lisbon. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 54, pp. 716-725. [PDF]

11. Siler-Evans. K., Azevedo, I.L., Morgan, M.G., (2012). Marginal emissions factors for the US electricity system. ES&T>, 46 (9), pp. 4742-4748. [PDF]

10. Hittinger, E., Mullins, K., Azevedo, I.L. (2012). The electricity consumption and energy savings potential of video game consoles in the United States. Energy Efficiency Journal, 5 (4), pp. 531-545. [PDF]

9. Thomas, B., Azevedo I.L., Morgan, M.G. (2012). Edison revisited: Should we use DC circuits for lighting in commercial buildings? Energy Policy, 45, pp. 399-411. [PDF]

8. Siler-Evans, K., Morgan, M.G, Azevedo, I.L. (2012). Distributed cogeneration for commercial buildings: Can we make the economics work? Energy Policy, 42, pp. 580-590. [PDF]

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7. Blackhurst M., Azevedo, I.L., Matthews, H.S., Hendrickson, C.T. (2011). Designing building energy efficiency programs for greenhouse gas reductions. Energy Policy. 39 (9), pp. 5269-5279. [PDF]

6. Blackhurst, Matthews, H. S., Sharrard, A.L, Hendrickson, C.T., Azevedo, I.L. (2011). Preparing US community greenhouse gas inventories for climate action plans. Environmental Research Letters, 6 (3), p.034003. [PDF]

5. Weismann, D., Azevedo, I.L., Ferrão, P., Fernandez J., (2011). Residential electricity consumption in Portugal: Findings from top-down and bottom-up models. Energy Policy, 39 (5), pp. 2772-2779. [PDF]

4. Azevedo, I.L., Morgan, M. G., Lave, L. (2011). Residential and regional electricity consumption in the US and EU: how much will higher prices reduce CO2 emissions? The Electricity Journal, Vol. 24, Issue 1 1040-6190 (Electricity Journal papers are not peer-reviewed). [PDF]

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3. Azevedo, I.L., Morgan, M. G., Morgan, F. (2009). The transition to solid-state lighting. The Proceedings of the IEEE, 97 (3), pp. 481-510. ISSN: 0018-9219. [PDF]

2. Stadler, M., Marnay, C., Azevedo, I.L, Komiyama, R., and Lai, J. (2009). The open source stochastic building simulation tool SLBM and its capabilities to capture uncertainty of policymaking in the U.S. building sector. LBNL-1884E. May 2009. [PDF]

1. Komiyama, R., Marnay, C., Stadler, M., Lai, J., Borgeson, S., Coffey, B., Azevedo, I.L. (2009). Japan’s long-term energy demand and supply: scenario to 2050. The Institute of Energy Economics, Japan. [PDF]

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Policy Briefs and Technical Reports

7. Shehabi, A., Smith, S.J., Sartor, D.A., Brown, R.E., Herrlin, M., Koomey, J.G., Masanet, E.R., Horner, N., Azevedo, I.L., Lintner, W. (2016). United States Data Center Energy Usage Report. [PDF]

6. Azevedo, I.L., Jaramillo, P., Rubin, E., Yeh, S., (2013). Modeling technology learning for electricity supply technologies. Phase II report for the Electric Power Research Institute. [PDF]

5. Azevedo, I.L., Jaramillo, P., Rubin, E., Yeh, S., (2013). Modeling technology learning for electricity supply technologies. Phase I report for the Electric Power Research Institute. [PDF]

4. Stadler, M., Marnay, C., Azevedo, I.L, Komiyama, R., and Lai, J., (2009). The open source stochastic building simulation tool SLBM and its capabilities to capture uncertainty of policymaking in the U.S. building sector. LBNL-1884E. May 2009. [Link]

3. Komiyama, R., Marnay, C., Stadler, M., Lai, J., Borgeson, S., Coffey, B., Azevedo, I. L., 2009. Japan’s long-term energy demand and supply: scenario to 2050. Institute of Energy Econ., Japan. [Link]

2. Samaras, C., Apt J., Azevedo, I.L., Lave, L.B., Morgan, M.G., Rubin, E.S., 2009. Cap and trade is not enough: Improving U.S. climate policy. Department of Engineering and Public Policy, Carnegie Mellon University. [PDF]

1. Policymaker Guide: Managing Variable Energy Resources to Increase Renewable Electricity’s Contribution to the Grid [PDF]

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